Indonesia to Introduce Grand Energy Strategy during G20 2022

Friday, 4 February 2022 - Dibaca 4479 kali




NUMBER: 58.Pers/04/SJI/2022

Date: 4 February 2022

Indonesia to Introduce Grand Energy Strategy during G20 2022

The Indonesian government will use the G20 forum to introduce the country's scenario to reach Net Zero Emission (NZE) by 2060 or sooner. The scenario, called the National Grand Energy Strategy (GSEN), covers plans to transition from fossil energy to new, renewable energy.

"The GSEN reflects how we move towards renewables. In the G20 forum, we will introduce to the world that we have a scenario to reach NZE by 2060 or sooner," said Advisor to the Minister of EMR for Strategic Planning, Yudo Dwinanda Priaadi, in a webinar titled "Exclusive Sharing: A Great Leap for Indonesia's Energy Diplomacy" organized by Ecadin on Thursday (3/2).

Yudo went on to explain the GSEN has set a 100% target of renewables portion in the energy mix by 2060. Pegged at a capacity of 587 Gigawatt (GW), solar power plants will generate 361 GW, hydropower plants 83 GW, wind farms 39 GW, nuclear power plants 35 GW, bioenergy power plants 37 GW, geothermal power plants 18 GW, and ocean currents power generation systems 13.4 GW.

"Additional power plants after 2030 will only come from renewable energy. Starting in 2035, Variable Renewable Energy (VRE) will be dominated by solar power systems, then by wind farms and ocean currents power generation systems. Geothermal power plants will also be maximized to 75 percent of potential," Yudo explained.

In addition, Yudo said, there will be no additional coal-fired power plants, except for those that have reached financial close and are under construction. The coal-fired power plants of state electricity utility PLN will be retired sooner than asset revaluation, while those of Independent Power Producers (IPP) will be retired after the PPA expires. Combined cycle power plants (PLTGU) will be retired after they reach a 30 year of operating life-time.

Hydropower will also be maximized and the electricity sent to load centers in other islands. In addition, hydropower plants will provide a balance for VRE plants. Nuclear power plants will enter the electricity system around 2049 to maintain system reliability.

"In addition, pumped storage will start to operate in 2025 with a target of 4.2 GW in 2060. Battery Energy Storage System (BESS) will be used massively in 2031, and the capacity will reach 140 GW in 2060. Hydrogen will also be utilized gradually, starting in 2031 and in massive use in 2051. The target is to reach 52 GW of hydrogen capacity in 2060," Yudo concluded. (IY)

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