Road Map to Carbon Neutrality is Being Prepared, Says Energy Minister

Friday, 8 October 2021 - Dibaca 10736 kali




NUMBER: 359.Pers/04/SJI/2021

Date: 8 October 2021

Road Map to Carbon Neutrality is Being Prepared, Says Energy Minister

The Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (EMR) is preparing a road map to Net Zero Emission (NZE) by 2060 or sooner.

"The transformation to net zero emission is our shared commitment which we hope to fulfil by 2060 at the latest," said Minister of EMR, Arifin Tasrif, in a discussion titled 'Road to COP26: Indonesia Young Generation's Determination to Prevent Climate Change & Support Clean Energy' held in Jakarta on Thursday (7/10).

To meet the zero-emission target, the Ministry of EMR will apply five core principles, namely a higher use of New, Renewable Energy (NRE), a lower use of fossil energy, the use of electric vehicles in the transportation sector, an increased use of electricity by households and industries, and the use of Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS).

"We're preparing a road map to energy neutrality from 2021 until 2060 with a number of key strategies," Arifin explained.

In 2021, the government will issue a presidential regulation on NRE and retirement of coal power plants. "There won't be any new coal power plants except those under contract or under construction," said Arifin.

In 2022, an NRE law will be issued, while the use of induction stoves will rise by 2 million households annually.

In 2024, grid interconnection, smart grids, and smart meters will become active, while in 2025 the NRE share will clock up 23%, with solar power systems dominating the share.

In 2027, the government will stop importing gas.

In 2030, the share of NRE in energy mix will increase to 42% with solar power still taking up the largest portion, city gas networks will be provided to 10 million households. Additionally, there will be 2 million electric cars and 13 million electric motorcycles on the road, the use of dimethyl ether, and electricity consumption will reach 1,548 kWh per capita.

In 2031, the first stage of early retirement of subcritical coal power plants will take place.

In 2035, interisland electric interconnection will go into Commercial Operation Data (COD). Electricity consumption will stand at 2,085 kWh per capita, and NRE will come at 57% with solar, hydro, and geothermal being the largest three sources of energy.

In 2040, NRE will account for 71% of energy mix and no diesel power plants will be in operation. At the same time, the use of LED lamps will hit 70%, conventional motorcycles will no longer be sold, and electricity consumption will work up to 2,847 kWh per capita.

For the next five years, the government will talk about constructing the first nuclear power plant and its COD. "We also consider to use nuclear energy with a capacity of 35 GW from 2045 until 2060," added Arifin.

By 2050, the NRE share in the energy mix is expected to reach 87%, there is no sales of conventional cars, and electricity consumption will touch 4,299 kWh per capita.

Finally, by 2060, the share of NRE in the energy mix will hit 100% with solar and hydro dominating the mix. There will be 23 million household gas connections, 52 million induction stoves, and the use of electric vehicles by the public. Electricity consumption will stand at 5,308 kWh per capita. (IY)

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